What is it all about to get a rash on the face? Get insight into conditions, infections that cause rash on face in children and adults, symptom rash and general information about facial rashes. Find a discussion on baby rash on face and rash on neck is on separate posts.
Identifying face rash with pictures
- Identifying face rash with pictures
- Common face rashes in children and adults – causes
- Red rash on face
- Itchy rash on face
- Face rash that does not itch
- Facts about rash on face you should know
- Face rash treatment
- Natural remedies for rash on face
A rash on the face can be an eruption on skin surface presented in various forms. Facial rashes can change the texture or appearance of normal and healthy skin. It can look red or purplish or appear bumpy, flat or scaly or flaky. You can also identify a rash as signs/symptoms. For instance, itching or dry skin or formation of cracks in skin. Sometimes it may be difficult to identify a rash on skin without signs.
Depending on the cause, you can get an outbreak of rash on face only or have a widespread effect. Certain factors like sensitivity, sexuality (being female or male) affirm to the general idea that level of occurrence vary different kinds of rashes. For example, sensitivity in children helps one reason out why or identify most contact dermatitis in children.
Common face rashes in children and adults – causes
The following are some of the common facial rashes in children and adults.
1. Facial eczema
Eczema is a very common condition with various forms. Medical term dermatitis is usually used in preference to name various forms of eczema that affects the skin. These include:
Allergic contact dermatitis
This form of eczema is mostly due to allergic reaction produced when your face comes in contact (directly or indirectly) with certain substances like fragrance, preservatives in facial products, lipstick, balms and Nickel. These are just a few examples.
The above named things can produce varied effects on skin. The reactions can develop over time but some could occur few hours after contact with skin. The affected areas include the eyelids or skin around eyes, the lips and mouth including the corners.
Contact dermatitis of the eyelids and lips is marked by redness on upper or lower eyelids, skin around eyes or virtually to the surrounding parts. Itching or itchy face and scaling can result.
Irritant contact dermatitis on face
Irritants are the most common culprits for infants, babies and adults. This type of dermatitis is usually marked by skin irritation “confined to the specific area that came into contact with the offending agent.” [www.skinsight.com]
According to Medscape, irritant contact dermatitis is a non-specific response of the skin to direct chemical damage that releases mediators of inflammation.
The hands, mouth and lips are common areas for irritant contact dermatitis. Look at the pictures for detail on appearance.
2. Heat rash on face
What is heat rash? Also known as “prickly” rash, heat rash is due to clogged sweat pores. Heat rash is common in babies worn in too warm clothes. If your child sweats too much and the sweat cannot get out as it is supposed, you will notice little bumps in skin folds. These eruptions will also be visible on forehead, on neck and forearms.
Occurrence of heat rash is higher during summer when weather is hot and humid. Some adults who sweat too much get a “sweat rash”.
Heat rash does not require treatment. It should clear on its own with simple remedies like exposing your child to a cool shade or open space. However, avoid applying oils and lotions likely to heighten itching.
3. Infections like scabies, chickenpox and slapped cheek syndrome
Another cause of rashes on the face is infections. Some infections most viral and fungal can produce symptoms which is skin rashes. Viral infections like scabies result to red rash all over the body. The rashes are usually characterized by red bumps, papules or vesicles. Rashes due to infections can cause itching and may be accompanied by burning sensations among other symptoms.
The viral infections include chickenpox, measles (Rubeola virus), German measles (Rubella virus) and slapped cheek syndrome (Parvovirus B19)
Some of these infections cause distinct rashes on the areas of skin where eruptions occur.
Slapped cheek syndrome or fifth disease
Basically slapped cheek syndrome is a viral infection whose occurrence is more in young children below 10 years. A good percentage of adults is also affected.
The virus can be transmitted from an infected person to another healthy individual. If the mother parent has the virus it pass to the unborn.
Symptoms of slapped cheeks syndrome before the rash starts out include a fever, feeling tired, runny nose and pain in joints. Sore throat, headache pain, and stomach upsets could be complaints. Thereafter, a bright red rash on the cheeks appears (approx. duration of 2 weeks to 3 weeks).
What more? To help identify it, a raised “light pink rash may also appear on the chest, stomach, arms and thighs.” [www.nhs.uk]
Shingles rash on face
If you have chickenpox or have been diagnosed with or treated, there are chances that the virus (herpes zoster) remain in body nerves in its “dormant” state. If your immune system is activated the virus will cause shingles.
Tingling, superficial pain, itching are some of the signs that the virus has been activated. Some people with shingles will experience a deep pain and blistering on the affected body sides including on the trunk, arms and legs.
Shingles as rash appears on one side of face. It shingles deadly? For people with a weakened immune, shingles can be a serious health concern. Otherwise, healthy individuals suffer from the deep pain.
Impetigo – a bacterial infection – is symptomatic of red sores, blisters, itching (rash) and crusting. The contagious form of impetigo is common in children. It affects skin around nose and mouth.
After blistering, a red rash that causes itching is seen in children.
How is contagious impetigo transmitted or spread? More easily is by contact between the infected and healthy individuals. Secondly, there are various carries involved such as insects or animals that bite an infected person and then transfers the bacteria to the next person. There is probability that sharing towels be another way of transmission.
There are other infectious conditions resulting to facial rashes.
- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
- Phenylketonuria in children
- Urticarial rash or hives
4. Lupus (SLE)
Lupus is any of the various lifelong immune diseases or disorders. According to HealthLine, systemic lupus Erythematosus also called Malar rash is the most common.
Symptoms of lupus include
- Formation of “butterfly” red or purplish rash on face on either side of nose
- Anemia due to problems in blood clotting
- Warm feeling and inflamed joints
- Joint pain or swelling – esp. wrists, hands and the knees
Individuals diagnosed of SLE experience long-term symptoms such as hair loss, severe fatigue, anemia, joint pain and fingers turning white or blue. From statistics, SLE affects more childbearing-age women adults than men.
Rosacea is common among adults and typically begins after many middle-aged adults are above 30 years. It is a long-term and chronic disorder. It is symptomatic of flushing or red skin on forehead, cheeks and the nose. Sometimes parts of the chin become notable of redness.
According to the National Rosacea Society, patients who suffer from multiple skin disorders more than often confuse rosacea with the rest i.e. lupus, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatistis or acne. In fact is more difficult to identify and treat.
Want more information? Read more about rosacea subtypes including available treatment methods.
Red rash on face
Red rash on the face can show up in different locations. It may also vary form one person to another such as.
- Small red areas of skin around mouth or sides of nose. Chronic redness will persist in addition to other symptoms accompanied.
- Red bumps or blotches (itchy or non-itchy)
- Inflamed facial skin
- Burning lips
Itchy rash on face
A rash characteristic of itching can be horrible if the eruptions occur particularly in young kids who cannot resist or control the urge to itching. Resorting to ways of stopping itchiness is the first aid for itch face rash. More importantly, know or try to understand what causes or results to that specific rash on your face.
Do not give attempt medication for itchy rash on baby’s face because you think or heard someone else who took the same path.
Face rash that does not itch
What leads to non-itchy rash and what do you do to manage a rash on face that does not itch? Most rashes that do not itch are thought to be harmless to skin but could pose a problem if ignored or ultimately land you in danger.
Most rashes on face or anywhere on skin not causing itch, are related to allergic reactions from certain drugs and detergents. Some people may not be aware that use of certain drugs is what results to the rashes (perhaps until they have completed their medication).
Facts about rash on face you should know
Facial rashes whether they clear naturally or need treatment should be tendered with caution and extreme care. (More so those cases that involve a change in appearance, texture (dry, scaly, blistering, etc.) or quality of skin such as dermatitis.)
Face rashes can be a problem for anyone regardless of race, gender or age. Even though, babies are at higher risk of the common rashes in both the babies and adults. Generally, more cases of face rashes in women than men are reported of allergic contact dermatitis than men.
One deniable truth is that the rashes will worsen if exposed to unfavorable conditions or with poor skin care. Therefore
- Avoid exposing your face or any of the affected areas to direct sunlight
- Avoid alcoholic containing ingredients in aftershaves, lotions or with fragrances
- Stop washing your face excessively or with hot water
- Avoid any other environmental triggers to cause further dryness in skin, irritation, etc.
- Stop hair shampooing, application of facial cosmetics
- Always strive to apply fragrance-free or pure moisturisers
Face rash treatment
How should a rash on face treatment be done? Does it need any kind of special skin care instead of medical treatment? Find out.
Treating and dealing with allergic contact dermatitis
Since allergic reactions develop, the best way to clear rashes due to contact dermatitis is to stop using the potential triggers or avoid touching or using or sharing with other people whose hypersensitivity is in the unknown.
Irritant contact dermatitis
The best way to treat this type of dermatitis is identifying and removing the potential irritants since most tests exclusively relies on allergic contact dermatitis.
Gentle antibacterial washes will help control easy spread of bacteria (staph) that causes impetigo. While washing the affected areas avoid scratching or scrubbing. Individuals with impetigo are encouraged to do cleansing but avoid using products that will further irritate or worsen its symptoms.
Vaccination reduces the risks of complications due to viral rashes (exanthemas) including chickenpox, shingles and German measles.
Skin care as treatment for facial rashes
Skin care is the generalized treatment with most skin conditions like psoriasis since there exist no specified treatment. We have already highlighted some of the special self-care features (see facts about rash on face above).
Natural remedies for rash on face
Do you have an itchy skin rash? If you reckon your problem or understand it is clearly a rash, then you need to go through these specific DIYs and see which will help you out in managing rashes on your face.
- Oatmeal poultice
- Aloe Vera gel
- Apple cider vinegar
- Vitamin E oils
- Cod liver oil
Natural oils like vitamin E rich ingredients relief of inflammation and can help calm down symptoms like itching. Apply a small amount to the affected areas. Nonetheless, remedies requires patience so you should be consistent.
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- American Academy of Dermatology
- Slapped cheek syndrome (Parvovirus): http://healthywa.wa.gov.au/Articles/S_T/Slapped-cheek-syndrome-Parvovirus
- Shingles (Herpes Zoster), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/shingles/vaccination.html. Accessed on 8th Feb 1017
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), Jaime Herndon, http://www.healthline.com/health/systemic-lupus-erythematosus. Accessed on Feb 9, 2017.