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Eye Bleeding Meaning, Causes, Pictures, Pain, Redness, During Pregnancy and Treatments

What is the cause of bleeding in the eye? Why do I have blood in my eye? What can you do for a broken blood vessel in your eye? Is it the redness around my iris due to bleeding? How long does it take a bloodshot eye to go away? The article below provides adequate information about eye bleeding and I hope it will help you combat the problem.

Subconjunctival haemorrhage
Subconjunctival haemorrhage

Bleeding eye meaning

This is bleeding inside the front part of your eye, and not from the surrounding eyelid or face. It can result to a red tinge, or even a pool of blood, inside the front part of the eye between the clear cornea and the colored iris.

This blood usually results from a damage blood vessel in the eye. The same force that tore a small blood vessel can lead to other intraocular injuries: dislocated lens, traumatic cataract, globe perforation, vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, and optic nerve atrophy.

Eye bleeding cause

Bleeding eye is mostly caused by injury to the eye, such as blunt trauma or penetration of something sharp into the eye. Other causes of eye bleeding include malformations of the blood vessels in the eye, cancer in the eye, or severe inflammation of the inner portions of the eye.

Common causes of red spot in the eye

They include:

  • Blood thinner medications
  • Choking episode
  • Extreme vomiting
  • Heavy lifting
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Sneezing or coughing, especially if prolonged or violent

Eye bleeding pictures

The pictures below will help you understand the causes and the symptoms of bleeding eye. They will also help you to seek proper medication from your medical provider.

Eye bleeding from trauma
Eye bleeding from trauma

Eye bleeding burst – broken blood vessel in eye

Do you have broken blood vessels in your eyes? Do they freak you out? There are many factors that cause burst blood vessels in eye leading to eye bleeding. Here are some of those factors:

  • Violent sneezing, coughing, or vomiting result to bursting of blood vessels due to the force. The strain associated with severe vomiting could also be one of the causes of this problem.
  • Strenuous activity such as heavy lifting may cause the blood vessels in your eyes to burst due to increased pressure after exertion. Since you exert substantial pressure on the veins located in your head, it is easy to rupture the blood vessels in your eyes.
  • Trauma to the eyes could well be one of the causes of broken blood vessels in eye such as excessive strain to the eyes.
  • Contact lenses could irritate the eyes, especially if you rub your eyes with the lenses in them. This could easily cause blood vessels to rupture.
  • Sudden rise in blood pressure due to mild trauma could cause the blood capillaries to burst resulting to eye bleeding.
  • Eye infections could be responsible for broken blood vessels in your eyes.
  • If you’ve had eye surgery or anything done to the eyelids, it could also be affecting the blood vessels in your eyes and cause an infection.
  • Diabetes or rare blood clotting are known for the blood vessels in your eye to rupture as a result.
  • If you are prone to high blood pressure in general and if you spend a lot of time under stress, it could be one of the causes of burst blood vessels in eye.
  • Also, if you are taking blood thinning medications or any other medications affecting the blood stream, they may also be responsible for the ruptured blood vessels. Even aspirin in high doses can have a similar effect.

Eye bleeding, pain and redness

If you happen to have a red eye that is painful, then the common cause is likely to be one of the below conditions.

A scratch to the cornea or particle in the eye

In most situations, a red and painful eye can sometimes be caused by a particle, such as a piece of grit, getting in your eye. If the particle has scratched your eye, it may feel a bit uncomfortable when the anesthetic eye drops have worn off.

Note:  You may be given antibiotic eye drops or ointment to use for a few days to reduce the risk of infection while it heals.

Iritis or anterior uveitis

This could result to inflammation of the iris.  However, no cause is identified, although iritis can sometimes be caused by an underlying problem with the immune system or an infection.

In addition, you may notice that your eye is sensitive to light, your vision is blurred and you have a headache.

 Acute glaucoma

It is a serious condition where there is a sudden increase in pressure inside your eye and your eye may be characterized by severely red and painful. Again, you may feel sick and see halos around lights. Your vision may be blurred or cloudy.

Ulcer on the cornea

It is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection. It can cause the eye to become red and sensitive to light, and it can feel like there’s something in your eye. Bacterial corneal ulcers are usually seen in people who wear contact lenses.

Eye blood blister

Blood blister in the eye is known as subconjunctival hemorrhage and its appearance can be alarming but this isn’t a serious problem.

Although it is not always possible to identify the source of the problem, some potential causes of subconjunctival hemorrhage include:

  • Eye trauma
  • A sudden increase in blood pressure that can result from heavy lifting, coughing, sneezing, laughing and constipation
  • Blood thinners such as aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) and warfarin (one brand name is Coumadin)
  • Rarely, a blood clotting disorder or vitamin K deficiency (vitamin K aids the functioning of proteins necessary for blood clotting)
  • Eye surgery, including LASIK and cataract surgery

Note: If you don’t have any of the mentioned causes, and this happens more than several times, you should see your doctor to make sure there is no underlying ocular problem and to be sure you don’t have high blood pressure or bleeding disorder.

Eye Bleeding during Pregnancy

Problems with your eyes could pop up and seems like bleeding during pregnancy, but don’t worry since this could disappear after delivery. Some of the common problem may include:

Dry eyes

Hormonal changes cause the body to produce fewer tears, so eyes are often left feeling irritated and gritty, and may be red and sensitive to light.

You should reduce the following to maintain healthy eyes; staring at a computer screen sitting under fluorescent lights, and being surrounded by forced air from radiators or air conditioners. If you wear contacts, take them out sooner.

Weaker vision

This is more likely that their corneas are swollen from fluid retention. So unless your contacts feel tight or uncomfortable, or you need perfect eyesight at work, you don’t require a new prescription. Your vision should eventually return to normal.

Eye bleeding treatment

Common diagnostic tests and procedures include:

  • Complete blood count with platelet count
  • Serum biochemistry to measure serum levels in protein
  • Coagulopathy tests to assess blood coagulation functions
  • Blood pressure
  • Urinalysis to exclude kidney diseases
  • Chest and abdominal X-rays
  • Ocular ultrasounds (ultrasonography) to investigate the anterior portion of the eye and include/exclude possibilities of retinal detachment, lens displacement, abnormal masses, and vitreous hemorrhage.
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References
  1. Blood blister under eyes (black eye): https://healthunlocked.com/pasoc/posts/132665858/blood-blister-under-eyes-black-eye
  2. Subconjunctival Hemorrhage: http://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/hemorrhage.htm
  3. What would cause a blood blister to suddenly appear? I feel: http://www.justanswer.com/eye-health/21c7e-cause-blood-blister-suddenly-appear-feel.html
  4. Eye Problems During Pregnancy: http://www.parenting.com/article/eye-problems-during-pregnancy
  5. How To Handle Common Eye Injuries: http://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/eye-injuries.htm

About Vladmir Kucherov

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